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Condition the shipping units to a standard atmosphere of Condition fiberboard containers in accordance with Practice D The same atmospheric condition should be used for any assurance level. A conditioning period of 72 h, or sufficient time to reach equilibrium of all parts of the package and product is recommended. Tests should be conducted in the conditioned atmosphere whenever possible.
If not possible, conduct the tests as soon after removal from the conditioning atmosphere as practicable. Recondition the shipping units to the standard atmosphere as necessary during the test plan.
The same climatic condition should be used for any assurance level. A conditioning period should be provided which will allow sufficient time to reach equilibrium of all parts of the package and product. Recondition the shipping units as necessary during the test plan. For atmospheres other than the standard conditioning atmosphere, the user must determine the appropriate compressive load factor for warehouse and vehicle stacking, as the factors given in Procedure 8.
See 3. Determine whether the container will be manually or mechanically handled. The level should be one of three pre-established assurance levels. This must be pre-established based on the product value, the desired level of anticipated damage that can be tolerated, the number of units to be shipped, knowledge of the shipping environment, or other criteria.
Assurance Level II is suggested unless conditions dictate otherwise. Assurance Level I provides a more severe test than II. The assurance level may be varied between schedules see Sections 10 � 15 if such variations are known to occur. The test levels used should be reported. See Section Acceptance Criteria 8. The organizations conducting the test may choose any acceptance criteria suitable for their purpose.
It is advisable to compare the type and quantity of damage that occurred to the test specimens with the damage that occurs during actual distribution and handling or with test results of similar containers whose shipping history is known. Use the DC that most closely correlates with the projected distribution. When the distribution is undefined, the general distribution cycle DC-1 should be selected.
Manual and mechanical handling are described further in In using DC-2, the user selects test schedules from Section 9 and specifies the test sequence see Appendix X2 for more details. For purposes of DC-3 and DC, the bottom of a single package is the surface on which the package rests in its most stable orientation. The identified bottom should be utilized for purposes of determining the starting orientation of each test schedule within the above stated distribution cycles.
The main hazards from these operations are the impacts caused by dropping or throwing. Size, weight, and shape of the shipping unit will affect the intensity of these hazards.
Several test method options are permitted, including free fall and simulated drop test using shock machines. While these test methods produce similar results, the shock machine method produces more control of orientations of impact; see Test Method D for limitations of the shock machine method. Conditioning�See Section 6. Obtain the test intensities from the referenced schedules.
The test plan intensity details must take into account the assurance levels selected as well as the physical description of the shipping unit.
Table 1 thus leads to a detailed test plan consisting of the exact sequence in which the shipping unit will be subjected to the test inputs. The test schedules associated with each element reference the existing ASTM test methods for clarification of the equipment and techniques to be used to conduct the test. Shipping Weight, lb kg 0 to 20 0 to 9. This information is very useful for the planning of subsequent tests of similar shipping containers.
Number of Impacts at Specified Height 9. The manual handling test should be used for single containers, smaller packages, and any shipping container that can be handled manually, up to a weight of lb Mechanical handling should be used for unitized loads, large cases and crates, and any shipping container or 24 21 18 15 12 10 Drop Height, in. This is the final sixth drop in the sequence, not an additional drop.
The drop should be in the impact orientation most likely for a drop to occur, usually the largest face or the bottom. NOTE 2�The equivalent velocity change corresponding to the specified drop height used for the shock machine method shall be calculated as specified in Test Method D Assurance Level I II III 1 For shipments via less-than-truckload LTL , simulate transfer terminal handling by performing fork lift truck transport over a floor hazard described as follows: a modified nominal 2 by 6 in.
For large shipping cases and crates and any single package with pallet or skid, different test methods are used versus unit loads. Gross Weight, lb kg 0 to 0 to Alternately, use Test Method D, Method B using a short duration programmer, assuming the coefficient of restitution is 0. Use the same drop heights versus shipping unit weight as in Alternately, use Test Method D Method B using a short duration programmer, assuming the coefficient of restitution is 0.
The required loading must consider the effects of length of time in storage, the alignment or stacking pattern of the container, variability in container strength, moisture content, temperature, previous handling and transportation, method of load support, and vibration. Remove the load within 3 s after reaching the specified value. Corrugated, fiberboard, or plastic container 8.
Corrugated, fiberboard, or plastic container 4. Containers constructed of materials other 3. The test levels and methods account for the magnitude, frequency range, duration and direction of vibration. Test methods for sine and random vibration are permitted testing options.
The two methods are not equivalent and will not necessarily produce the same results. The random test method results in a better simulation of actual transport vibration environments, and is the preferred method for qualification. The sine test method is often used as a means of determining and observing system resonances and can be used in conjunction with the random method.
It is permissible to use a concentrated dead load to simulate an upper unit load or mixed commodities. The concentrated load may be calculated from the formulas in Recommended intensities and durations for the random tests are given in The Truck test should be performed in a 1 h 60 min loop that can be repeated for longer duration simulations.
The recommended test durations for the random vibration truck profile are as follows: 1 Low Level for 40 minutes. The test time required to reproduce shipping damage is dependent on the mode of failure, as well as the vibration level. Test durations ranging from 30 min to 6 h have been used successfully for different product or package types.
A 3 h min duration is reasonable to use in the absence of specific shipping or testing experience. Special Instructions�Dwell time is for each noted product or package resonance up to four discrete resonances. If more than four resonances are noted, test at the four frequencies where the greatest response is noted. In frequency sweeps it is advisable to consider the frequency ranges normally encountered in the type of transportation being considered.
It is suggested that the dwell frequency be varied slightly during the test to detect any III 0. Schedule F�Loose Load Vibration: The test levels and test method account for amplitude, direction, and duration of the repetitive shocks. Schedule H�Environmental Hazard: This schedule determines the susceptibility of the total pack to the effects of moisture, temperature shock, or the combined effects of cyclic exposure.
Testing shall be in accordance with Test Method D, where spray intensities of 4 6 0. Water spray temperature is as listed in the table below. During spray segments the air temperature is uncontrolled at ambient conditions. Schedule G�Simulated Rail Switching: Special Instructions�Four impacts shall be performed.
For railcars with standard draft gear, shock durations of 40 6 10 ms shall be used, as measured on the floor of the carriage.
For railcars with long�travel draft gear, shock durations of 6 50 ms shall be used. Note that Test Method D is used for standard draft gear only. Refer to Test Methods D or D for specific instructions on how to instrument and conduct the test. Use a backload equivalent to a minimum of 3 ft lineal 0. The package used as backload in contact with the test package must be identical to the test package. II Assurance Level I shall be used for open-top rail car load tests.
Report At a minimum, the report should include: This test shall be conducted in accordance with levels described in Test Method D This test should be included for products and packages that could be sensitive to a low pressure environment, for example, sealed flexible non-porous packages, liquid containers, or porous packages that may be packed in such a manner as to be adversely affected by low pressure environments. This test may be deleted from DC 12 and 13 when shipping units contain primary packages that have a porous material porous packaging material is defined in Terminology F If these are not known precisely, use levels recommended by Test Method D of pressure equivalent to m 14 ft.
The test duration and pressure levels may be modified based on knowledge of the shipping environment, product value, desired damage level acceptances, or other criteria as described in Test Method D Schedule J�Concentrated Impact The test is only applicable to lightweight singlewall corrugated shipping containers under Burst or 44 ECT and plastic film wrapped packages and unitized loads.
Test the appropriate packages or unit loads according to Test Method D Precision and Bias Keywords Use the first sequence impact orientations for the third handling schedule. Test small shipping units using the following test levels: A1. Description of this schedule is in accordance with Care must be taken to prevent the container from rolling on the support. For corner drops, use Method B of Test Methods D, except that one corner of the shipping unit base shall be supported on a 6 in.
Each corner will be impacted, for a total of four drops. Both edgewise and cornerwise drops shall be performed on large rectangular shipping units. For all rotational drops, test with the lowest drop height indicated by either gross weight or maximum dimension, using the following test levels.
For Assurance Level I, shipping cases and crates and unitized loads shall also be subjected to sling handling.
|Astm d4169 16 pdf free download||Learn how we and our ad partner Google, collect and use data. Delivery Formats and Service. Here you can customize your cookie settings according to your preferences. Fees: 8. United https://saadpcsoftware.com/descargar-google-play-store-apk/4353-download-spider-solitaire.php its Book of A.|
|Astm d4169 16 pdf free download||Obtain the test intensities from the referenced schedules. It supersedes all prior or contemporaneous frre or written communications, proposals, representations and warranties and prevails over any conflicting or additional terms of any quote, order, acknowledgment, or other communication between the parties relating to its subject matter during the term of this Agreement. This test shall be conducted in accordance with levels described in Test Method D The recommended test durations for the random vibration truck profile are as follows: astm d4169 16 pdf free download Low Level for 40 minutes. Cookie - Settings. A STM E8 describes tensile testing of metals such as steel. This practice provides a procedure for estimating concrete strength by means of the.|
|Techline connect software download||The same atmospheric condition should be used for any assurance level. See Section 7. Standard Historical Last Updated: Feb 18, The Licensee and the Authorized Users are responsible for obtaining at their expense suitable Internet connections, Web browsers, and licenses for any software necessary to view the ASTM Products. The manual handling test should be used for single containers, smaller packages, and any shipping container that can be handled manually, up to a weight of lb A 3 h min duration is logo maker app download free to use in the absence of specific shipping or testing experience.|
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|Power shell download||No modification of this Agreement will be binding, unless in writing and signed by an authorized representative of each party. Settings OK. The category - similar standards: Packaging materials and accessories. El desarrollo de la nor 6 36KB Read more. Look at this page. Use a backload equivalent to a minimum of downloqd ft lineal 0. Corrugated, fiberboard, or plastic container 4.|
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