The graphical tool is the easiest. The two methods above are the basics every Linux user needs to know. But here are some other ways to install software on Linux:. Use Third-Party Repositories : Anyone can create their own software repositories, package software, and distribute it from there. Unpack a Binary Archive : Some Linux software is distributed in precompiled form designed to run on any Linux distribution without installation.
Mozilla also offers downloads of the latest version of Firefox in. You should prefer software in packaged form for better compatibility with your system and easier updating. All the software you want should be available in packaged form.
That said, most Linux software projects distribute their software in source-code form and leave Linux distributions in charge of packaging and distributing it to you. Use Linux software if possible. Your package manager regularly checks its software repositories for new versions of packages and its updater appears when new versions are available.
This is the Update Manager application on Ubuntu. This is how all the software on your system can update from one place. When you install a third-party package, it may also install its own software repository for easier updating.
For example, Google Chrome installs files pointing to the official Google Chrome repository when you install it on Ubuntu. We select and review products independently.
When you purchase through our links we may earn a commission. Learn more. Windows ». What Is svchost. Best Smart Alarm Clocks. Best Budget Chromebooks. Best iPhone Tripods.
Best iPhone Cases. Best Budget Laptops. Best Switch Controllers. Best Smart Lights. Best Portable Speakers. Best iPhone 14 Cases. Gifts for iPhone Users. Best iPad 10th Gen Cases. Reader Favorites Best Linux Laptops. Best Wi-Fi Routers. Awesome PC Accessories. Best Wireless Earbuds. Best Smartwatches. Best Meta Quest 2 Accessories. Step 3 Select Distribution. Step 5 Check your window.
After everything has been installed and configured, a small window will appear Congratulations! You now have Ubuntu on a USB stick, bootable and ready to go. Step 1 Download the. Step 3 Boot your computer from the optical drive and follow the instructions as they come. This is a popular method to install a Linux operating system. The virtual installation offers you the freedom of running Linux on an existing OS already installed on your computer.
This means if you have Windows running, then you can just run Linux with a click of a button. Let us look at them. Download Virtual box using this link. Depending on your processor and OS, select the appropriate package.
In our case, we have selected Windows with AMD. Step-5 Now installation of the virtual box will start. Once complete, click on Finish Button to start Virtual Box.
Visit this link to download Ubuntu. Step-2 In next window , give the name of your OS which you are installing in virtual box. And select OS like Linux and version as Ubuntu 32 bit. And click on next. I recommended keeping mb 1 GB ram to run Ubuntu better.
Step-4 Now To run OS in virtual box we have to create virtual hard disk, click on create a virtual hard drive now and click on create button. Step-6 Click on dynamic allocated and click on next. This means that the size of the disk will increase dynamically as per requirement. Step-7 Allocate memory to your virtual hard drive. Click on create button. In this tutorial will install Ubuntu.
Step-7 Select option to erase the disk and install Ubuntu and click on install now. This option installs Ubuntu into our virtual hard drive which is we made earlier. It will not harm your PC or Windows installation. Step-9 Select your keyboard layout, by default English US is selected but if you want to change then, you can select in the list.
And click on continue. Step Select your username and password for your Ubuntu admin account. This information has been needed for installing any software package into Ubuntu and also for login to your OS. Fill up your details and tick on login automatically to ignore login attempt and click on continue. Step Installation process starts. May take up to 30 minutes. Please wait until installation process completes. Skip to content.
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You will get a list of the matching packages below your search command. For example, you can run sudo apt-cache search "opera-stable" to find the latest stable version of the Opera browser available for install. Run sudo apt-cache show "package name" to see details.
This command will show the details for any available software package, including its version, architecture, and installation size. For example, run sudo apt-cache show opera-stable to see the package details for the latest stable version of the Opera web browser. Run sudo apt-get install "package name" to install. This command will install the selected software package on your system. For example, sudo apt-get install opera-stable will install the latest stable version of the Opera web browser.
Enter Y to proceed with the installation. When the terminal asks "Do you want to continue? Add --reinstall at the end of the install command to reinstall. If you're having issues with software you already have and want to reinstall it, run the standard installation command with this bit added at the end.
For example, if you have the stable Opera browser and want to reinstall it, run the sudo apt-get install opera-stable --reinstall command. Run sudo apt-get remove "package name" to uninstall. If you want to remove an app from your computer, run this command to uninstall it, and remove the software files from your computer.
Alternatively, you can use the sudo apt-get purge "package name" command. This will remove all the configuration files and personal preferences of the specified app. Run sudo apt-get upgrade to update software packages.
This command will upgrade all the installed software you've installed through Apt to the latest versions. If you're not using a Debian-based Linux installation, you can use the DNF package manager or its predecessor Yum, which works the same way to install software packages from the command line. DNF and Yum install. RPM packages, which are the standard package types on all of these Linux versions.
If you downloaded a. To do so, just use the command sudo dnf install packagename. Run sudo dnf upgrade to update your local package database. This command ensures that you have access to the latest versions of the software you need. If you want to check for updates to installed packages without actually installing the updates, you can use sudo dnf check-update instead.
To update only one package, use dnf update packagename. If you're using a Linux version that only has yum , use yum update to update all packages with available updates, or yum upgrade to update all packages including those which are now obsolete. Add a new repository optional. To view all repositories, use the command sudo dnf repolist.
If there's a repository you need to add so you can get a particular package, you can add a new repository to the list easily: Get the URL of the repository, which will end in. Search for the software you need. You can search for a specific software title, package name, or type of software using the command sudo dnf search softwarename. The results will show all software packages that match your search terms. For example, if you want to install the Opera web browser, use sudo dnf search opera.
To see all available packages in your repositories, use sudo dnf list available. Find out more information about a package. Once you find a package you want to install, you can learn more information about it, such as its size, the repository it comes from, and the release number. To do this, use the command sudo dnf info packagename. It will also be helpful to find out if the package you want to install has any required dependencies. Dependencies are other libraries and applications required by this package to run properly.
Use the command dnf repoquery --requires packagename to do this. If there are any required dependencies that you don't already have, you'll want to install those first.
Install the package. Once you've determined that you want to install the package, use sudo dnf install packagename to download and install the package. Remove a package. If you want to uninstall something you installed using DNF or Yum, use sudo dnf remove packagename. You can see a list of all installed packages using sudo dnf list installed. Install Flatpak. Flatpak is a great option for installing software on any version of Linux for many reasons.
Unlike other repositories and package management tools, Flatpak allows you to install packages for any Linux distribution—software developers can release one Flatpak version of their software that can easily be installed no matter which version of Linux you're running. You also won't need root sudo access to install Flatpak software and run programs.
You'll just need to set up the Flathub repository, which we'll cover in the next step. On Ubuntu and Debian, use sudo apt install flatpak. On RedHat, run sudo yum install flatpak or sudo dnf install flatpak. Add the Flathub repository. This is the most common repository for Flatpak. Browse apps to install. You can check out different categories or search for something in particular, just like your phone's app store. Alternatively, you can use flatpak commands in a Terminal window.
To search for a particular app or type of app , open a Terminal and use the command flatpak search search-term. In the results, you'll see the app's ID, version, remote location, and a description. For example, to search for Spotify, you'd use flatpak search spotify.
To search for music apps in general, you could use flatpak search music or flatpak search streaming. Install an app. Once you find an app you want, installing it is easy: If you're browsing on the web, click the ' Install button to install the app.
If you're using the command line, you'll need to run a command that uses the app's ID e. Client for Spotify and remote server e. The syntax is flatpak install remoteserver appid. For example, flatpak install flathub com. For example, flatpak uninstall com. Use the flatpak command to launch the installed app. Once you've installed an app, you can easily run it from the command prompt using flatpak run appid. For example, flatpak run com.
Client would launch Spotify. To see which Flatpaks are installed, use the command flatpak list. Install Synaptic if you don't have it. Synaptic is a graphical interface for Apt that's great if you don't like to type commands but want more flexibility with updates than when using GNOME Software or Ubuntu Software. With Synaptic, you can easily browse and manage repositories, install and uninstall applications, and update packages. If you're using Debian, Synaptic is preinstalled.
On Ubuntu , you can install it from Ubuntu Software or using sudo apt-get install synaptic in a Terminal window. Open Synaptic. Search for the software you want to install. You'll see categories in the left panel, which you can click to view packages.
If you need to add a repository to install a particular package, click Settings and select Repositories to edit your repository list. See information about a package. Select a package and click Properties to view details, including required dependencies, a list of files to be installed, versions, and a description of the software.
Right-click a package and select Mark for Installation. This tells Synaptic that you want to install the selected package. You can now search for additional packages to install or just continue to the next step. Click Apply twice to confirm and install. All selected packages will now install. Update software. Right-click a package and select Mark for Upgrade. Mark additional packages for upgrade if desired, then click Apply. Click Apply again to confirm.
Uninstall packages. Whether you installed a packaging using Apt or Synaptic, you can use Synaptic to easily remove a package. Just right-click an installed package, choose Mark for Removal , then click Apply twice to confirm.
Install or enable Snap if needed. Snapcraft is another graphical application "store" that's available for all versions of Linux. On Fedora, use the command sudo dnf install snapd. Add the repository first using the command sudo dnf install epel-release. Install Snap using sudo dnf install snapd. Enable Snap using sudo systemctl enable --now snapd. Select the software you want to install. You can browse software by category or search for your favorite apps.
Click the Install button. You'll see this at the top-right corner. As long as Snap is enabled, this should download and install the package and all required dependencies. If this doesn't work, continue with this method. Scroll down and select your Linux distribution. For example, if you're using openSUSE, click that icon.
Find "Windows Subsystem for Linux" from the features list. Make sure that box is checked. Click OK. This will apply the feature changes to your machine. Restart your machine when prompted. To enable the new hypervisor, your computer will need to be restarted.
Windows also has to change a few settings to make WSL work on your machine. Update WSL. Before use, you should update WSL to the latest version. To do so, run wsl --update in an elevated PowerShell or Command Prompt window. To start an elevated terminal, search for "Command Prompt" or "PowerShell" or "Windows Terminal", click "Run as administrator", and accept the elevation prompt. Windows Terminal will display a security shield after elevation is successful.
Shut down WSL. Before the updated WSL can run, you have to terminate the process. This can be done with the command wsl --shutdown. Once WSL is shut down, you can start your Linux distribution and get all the latest features. Install a Linux distribution. You can install the default Ubuntu quickly by running the command wsl --install. You can also visit the Microsoft Store to select a distribution of your pick.
Create an account on that distro. The account will be only for that one particular distro. If you install a different distro, it will require its own credentials. Type a username and set a password when prompted. After, you are all set to use that particular distribution. Method 2. Download the Linux distribution of your choice.
If you're new to Linux, consider trying a lightweight and easy to use distribution, such as Ubuntu or Linux Mint. Linux distributions known as "distros" are typically available for free to download in ISO format. Most computers are set to boot into the hard drive first, which means you will need to change some settings to boot from your newly-burned CD or USB. Start by rebooting the computer. Once the computer reboots, press the key used to enter the boot menu.
Typical keys include F12, F2, or Del. For Windows 8 users, hold the Shift key and click restart. For Windows 10 users, go to advanced boot in settings and click "Restart Now. You can access the BIOS menu in the same way that you would get to the boot menu. At the manufacturer splash screen, the key should be listed in one of the bottom corners. Your computer will continue with the boot process. Try out the Linux distribution before installing.
Most Live CDs and USBs can launch a "live environment", giving you the ability to test it out before making the switch. Start the installation process. If you decided not to try out the distribution, you can start the installation from the boot menu.
You will be asked to configure some basic options, such as language, keyboard layout, and timezone. Create a username and password. You will need to create login information to install Linux. A password will be required to log into your account and perform administrative tasks. Set up the partition. Linux needs to be installed on a separate partition from any other operating systems on your computer if you intend dual booting Linux with another OS.
A partition is a portion of the hard drive that is formatted specifically for that operating system. You can skip this step if you don't plan on dual booting. Distros such as Ubuntu will set a recommended partition automatically. You can then adjust this manually yourself. Most Linux installations require at least 20 GB, so be sure to set aside enough room for both the Linux operating system and any other programs you may install and files you may create.
If the installation process does not give you automatic partitions, make sure that the partition you create is formatted as Ext4. If the copy of Linux you are installing is the only operating system on the computer, you will most likely have to manually set your partition size. Boot into Linux. Once the installation is finished, your computer will reboot. This is a boot loader that handles Linux installations. Pick your new Linux distro from the list. This screen may not show up if you only have one operating system on your computer.
If this screen isn't being presented to you automatically, then you can get it back by hitting shift right after the manufacturer splash screen. If you install multiple distros on your computer, they will all be listed here. Check your hardware. Most hardware should work out of the box with your Linux distro, though you may need to download some additional drivers to get everything working.
Some hardware requires proprietary drivers to work correctly in Linux. This is most common with graphics cards. There is typically an open source driver that will work, but to get the most out of your graphics cards you will need to download the proprietary drivers from the manufacturer. In Ubuntu, you can download proprietary drivers through the System Settings menu. Select the Additional Drivers option, and then select the graphics driver from the list.
Other distros have specific methods for obtaining extra drivers. You can find other drivers from this list as well, such as Wi-Fi drivers. Start using Linux. Most distros come with several popular programs installed, and you can download many more from their respective file repositories.
WebSep 19, · Firefox is the default web browser for a number of Linux distros such as Ubuntu and Linux Mint. The browser’s simple and fluid interface is one of its many . WebAug 3, · Software installation on Linux works very differently from software installation on Windows. You don’t need to open your web browser and search for . WebJan 8, · In short it’s a simple command based tool that you use to install files/softwares. Complete command is apt-get and it’s the easiest way to install .